Bear Lake - Sovata

The Bear Lake is the largest heliothermal salt lake in the world, with an area of 40.235 square meters, the circumference of 1180 meters and a maximum depth exceeding 18 m. It was formed during 1875-1880 as a result of complex geological, meteorological and hydrological events, by the gradual dissolution of the salt mass by the waters of two streams (Auriu and Criş-Toplita), followed by the land breakdown. The resulting gap was filled by the two brooks, over a period of about 5 years, giving birth to the current lake, which resembled a stretched bear skin, and also got its name. The water still dissolves the salt from the salt mass, so the salinity of the Ursu Lake shows a great variation depending on the depth. The sweet water of the Auriu and Topliţa streams, having a specific density less than the salt water, keeps on the surface and acts as a thermal insulator: it allows the penetration of solar radiation that heats the salty water layers from the inside but at the same time prevents the loss of accumulated heat known as heliothermia.

Virtual tour - as if you were there


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